So there has been a lot of talk about the new marriage allowance – which is what the government are calling it – but should it really be called that? In the past allowances have most often been amounts of money that you can use to offset against your earnings to enable you to pay more tax.
There was a marriage allowance in the past which was called the ‘married couple’s allowance’ which was given to anyone who was married basically. Nowadays this old allowance is only valid for those people born before 1935 so the numbers are ever dwindling as to who is receiving it. This was a much more generous allowance too and did not depend on income.
The new ‘marriage allowance’ to my mind is a bit of a misnomer – it is not really an extra allowance but instead a transfer of one person’s existing allowance that they are not using, to the other partner in the relationship. In addition to that, you can only transfer it if your partner is not earning in the 40% tax bracket. So really the allowance is more of a transfer than an actual allowance.
At the moment it is also not too easy to claim the allowance as the only way you can do so is online and with the correct documents – which many people may not have. if you don’t have these then there should be a telephone helpline opening up later in the year and all payments will be backdated so that no-one will lose out.
To find out more about the new marriage allowance, including how to claim it, check out our previous article on the subject.
So with the general election coming up I thought it would be a good idea to try and find out what each party proposes to do with regard to the personal allowance. It has not been wholly easy to get this information but I have searched around and below is a summary of what I an find out:
Labour – I can’t actually find specific information on the personal allowance itself (that is not to say that there isn’t a specific policy on this but it is just difficult to find if there is) – however, they have pledged to reintroduce the 10% initial tax rate – one that was abolished by the previous labour government.
Both the Conservatives and the Liberal Democrats have pledged to increase the personal allowance to £12,500 – the Conservatives say this will be done by 2020 and the Lib Dems say they will do it within a year of coming to power.
UKIP have said in the past that they will increased the personal allowance to £13,500, the highest of all of the big players.
So with the new tax year coming into play tomorrow (6th April 2015) there is an increase in the ISA allowance. The previous allowance was set at £15,000 for the tax year 2014/15 (although it was only increased to this level on 1st July 2014) and this is being increased to £15,240 for the tax year 2015/16.
The allowance is for all ISAs, whether they be for cash or for shares so make sure you are not over paying into separate ISA accounts.
Also don’t forget that you can’t carry over any of your unused ISA allowance so unless you can find someone who is open today (Easter Sunday) to take any extra payment for 2014/15 then you are probably too late.
There are also new rules being introduced in the autumn where savers will be able to replace money that is withdrawn from an ISA, as long as this happens in the same year – more to come on this when further details are available.
In the Budget today George Osborne announced that the personal allowance would be increased to £11,000 a year with effect from the 2017/18 tax year. This will be preceded by another increase in the personal allowance to £10,800 for the tax year 2016/17.
There have been a number of increases in the personal allowance over the last few years and these increases come after the recent increase in the personal allowance for the year 2015/16 to £10,600.
The long question is: Can I transfer my personal allowance to my husband/wife/civil partner if I am not using it?
Well from April 2015 the answer is yes, you can transfer part of it. So, if you are earning less than the personal allowance in 2015/16 and your partner (i.e. wife/husband/civil partner) has earnings that are not taxed at any higher than the 20% rate, then you can transfer part of your personal allowance to them – currently the amount that you can transfer is £1,060.
This would mean that they would have a personal allowance of £11,660 instead of £10,600, reducing their tax bill by £212 for the year and your personal allowance would be £9,540. Therefore if you earn less than £9,540 a year then it is a no-brainer to transfer this allowance over to your partner.
However, your partner must not be in the higher rate tax bracket for the transfer to be allowed.
Also, HMRC have not yet declared how this transfer will take place although they have indicated that it will be via an online submission.
This may help families in particular where there is the traditional model of one parent staying at home to look after the children and the other working.
The standard level of income that you would need to earn to fall into the 40% tax bracket is £42,385. Of course this may be different in certain circumstances so you should take advice for your personal situation. So it is possible if you earn below this and your partner earns less than £9,540 then it is worthwhile for you to transfer over the portion of the personal allowance. OK so a gain of £212 a year is not massive but it’s certainly worth having.
Edited to add on 20 Feb 2015: you can register your interest in transferring part of your allowance here: https://www.gov.uk/marriage-allowance
Firstly I need to clarify the title of this article – this doesn’t only apply to pensioners but I wanted to highlight them as the most likely to benefit from this change in the tax rules that will start on 6 April 2015. Everyone can benefit, but it is more likely going to be pensioners that will have higher levels of savings income when compared to earned income (which includes pensions). Continue reading Pensioners Could Earn £15,600 Tax Free
There is a way that you can get tax back without even having paid it in the first place – for example if you have earnings that are lower than the UK personal allowance so you are not required to pay any tax on them – or even if you have no earnings at all. Continue reading Pension Tax Relief for Non-Taxpayers
Today (3rd December 2014), in his Autumn Statement, George Osborne announced an unexpected but welcome change to the rates of Stamp Duty paid on property purchases. Not only were there changes in the rates but on the way the duty is calculated. Continue reading Stamp Duty Rates Changed
Today (3rd December 2014) the Chancellor of the Exchequer, George Osborne, announced that instead of increasing to £10,500 per year, as had been previously announced, the personal allowance would be increasing to £10,600 with effect from April 2015 for the 2015/16 tax year.
The Government is currently considering restricting the personal allowance only to residents of the UK. This means that anyone who is classed as a non-resident may not be entitled to the £10,000 per annum personal allowance that is given to any individual before they are required to pay tax (with the exception of high earners who may not get the personal allowance). Continue reading Government Considering Restricting Personal Allowance to Residents